With the advent of React hooks in React 16, there has been widespread speculation about the obsolescence of React class components. While the creators of React advocate for hooks as replacements for class components, this blog aims to assess the practicality of achieving all functionalities of class components using hooks.


Previously labeled as stateless components, functional components lacked state management capabilities until the introduction of React Hooks. Now, with the useState hook, functional components can effortlessly implement state logic, bridging the gap between functional and class components.

Lifecycle Methods

React class components boasted essential lifecycle methods like componentDidMount and componentDidUpdate, facilitating the execution of business logic at various stages of component lifecycle. While hooks like useEffect aim to replicate these lifecycle functions in functional components, some nuances remain, particularly with complex lifecycle methods like componentWillReceiveProps.

Are class components obsolete after the introduction of React Hooks
Are class components obsolete after the introduction of React Hooks

Higher Order Components

Higher-order components (HOCs) served as a valuable tool for sharing logic across multiple components in a React application. However, they posed challenges such as prop collisions when used extensively. Hooks offer an alternative approach by allowing implicit dependency management within components, albeit with potential drawbacks like spreading logic across multiple hooks.

Future Outlook

While hooks empower functional components and offer performance advantages over class components, the transition to complete obsolescence of the latter may take time. Developer adoption of hooks will likely continue to grow, but class components may persist in certain scenarios where their functionalities are preferred or where significant refactoring efforts are impractical.


React hooks demonstrate prowess in replacing state management functionalities and emulating most lifecycle methods through custom logic. However, the seamless replacement of HOCs with hooks remains elusive, especially for widely-used components throughout the application. Despite the creators’ encouragement to transition from class components to hooks, developer behavior is predominantly driven by convenience and performance considerations.

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